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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hokuga.hgu.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1222

Title: Notes on Vocabulary and EFL
Authors: OKANO, Satoshi
岡野, 哲
Keywords: vocabulary
schema
background knowledge
bilingual technique
cognitive processes
Issue Date: 31-Oct-1994
Publisher: 北海学園大学人文学会
Abstract: This article intends to bring to the foreground the use of students' L1 background knowledge. Especially in teaching the meanings of lexical items of English, the teacher should consider, prior to establishing the association of the concept and the form of L2 lexical item, how to take advantage of the vast storage of concepts which the students have acquired and are able to express with the lexis of their mother tongue. There should, therefore, be introduced stages in which the class is conducted bilingually. In cognitive processes there is much in common between the speakers of L2 and L1. This fact substantiates arguments for the technique of representing the content of an L2 passage in a non-linguistic form. By the use of this technique, Japanese students should be allowed to exhibit their ability to describe what they have in mind. At the same time, there should be bilingual stages in which the students are made, to explain the non-linguistic representation in their own mother tongue. This will be followed by exercises in which the same representations are explained by means of L2. This technique will make it possible for the students to learn L2 lexical items in a wider context of language use.
URI: http://hokuga.hgu.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1222
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