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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hokuga.hgu.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/2422

Title: 日本の大学生における異文化受容態度に対する犯罪被害リスク認知と異文化接触の関連性の検討
Other Titles: Examining the Relationship between Perceived Risk of Crime, Cross-Cultural Contacts and Receptive Attitudes toward Different Cultures among Japanese University Students
Authors: 玉井, 航太
Tamai, Kota
Keywords: 異文化受容態度
犯罪被害リスク認知
異文化接触
Receptive attitudes toward different cultures
Perceived risk of crime
Cross-cultural contacts
Issue Date: Feb-2014
Publisher: 北海商科大学学術研究会
Abstract: 本研究は,異文化受容態度に対する犯罪被害リスク認知と異文化接触,そしてそれらの交互作用の関連性を検討するために,大学生を対象とする質問紙調査を実施し,186 名から回答を得た。質問紙は,異文化受容態度,犯罪被害リスク認知,異文化接触の経験頻度,個人の自尊心で構成されていた。異文化受容態度における4 因子(拒否的態度,対外国人緊張,一般的受容,個人的無関心)に対する犯罪被害リスク認知と異文化接触,そしてそれらの交互作用の効果を検討するため階層的重回帰分析をおこなった。階層的重回帰分析は,異文化受容態度の4 因子それぞれに分けて行われた。その結果,拒否的態度と個人的無関心において,犯罪被害リスク認知と異文化接触の経験頻度の交互作用が示され,ネガティブな異文化受容態度に対する犯罪被害リスク認知の促進効果とその効果に対する異文化接触の緩和効果が示された。
To examine the effect of perceived risk of crime, cross-cultural contacts, and interaction between these variables on the receptive attitudes toward different cultures, this study employed a questionnaire method. A total of 186 university students completed a questionnaire consisting of questions on receptive attitudes toward different cultures, the perceived risk of crime, the frequency of experience of cross-cultural contacts and the one’s self-esteem. To investigate the effects of perceived risk of crime, cross-cultural contacts, and interaction between these variables on the four factors of receptive attitudes toward different cultures (attitudes of denial, tensions about foreigners, general receptive attitudes, and personal non-interest), a hierarchical regression analysis was carried out. This analysis was conducted for each of the four factors of receptive attitudes toward different cultures. The results showed an interaction effect between the perceived risk of crime and the frequency of experience of cross-cultural contacts on the attitudes of denial and personal non-interest. Overall, the results of this study pointed to the facilitate effect of the perceived risk of crime on the negative attitudes toward different cultures, and the moderate effect of cross-cultural contacts on the facilitate effect of the perceived risk of crime.
URI: http://hokuga.hgu.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/2422
ISSN: 21863296
Appears in Collections:第3巻 第1号

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